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專任研究人員 - 謝力登(Derek Sheridan)

謝力登(Derek Sheridan)照片

謝力登(Derek Sheridan)

職稱:助研究員
研究室:R2717
在本所任職期間:2018年10月1日起迄今
電話:02-26523479
學術履歷:下載學術履歷
研究概述

我的研究廣泛地關注在個體經驗、關係性 (relationality)和全球/地緣政治想象的關聯。我計畫中的第一本書,研究對象將會是中國跟非洲之間近年來互動之下建立的經濟關係和人口移動。我曾在很早期便跟中國有密切關係的坦桑尼亞作了總共十七個月的田野調查,針對中國人為了生意/打工而移民到坦桑尼亞的現象。在當代新興「南南合作」的政治經濟形構下,我對中國移民者的生涯規劃(life projects)和普通坦桑尼亞人的生活項目如何相互依存提出疑問,還有他們如何使用日常社會交流的倫理判斷來分析中非關係。我的田野調查持續關注在從中國到坦桑尼亞製成品的分配/銷售渠道)。在達累斯薩拉姆(Dar es Salaam),中國批發商的進入,跟坦桑尼亞當地批發商/零售商產生不同的競爭和合作關係。商人的地位隨著中國產品的進入而上升或衰退。我將這現象的脈絡置於更久遠的亞非連接歷史之中,並分析不同情境下充滿互補性跟矛盾性的人際關係。對比中國人(在坦桑尼亞的「客人」或「投資者」)和坦桑尼亞「主人」或 「本地人」之間的權力、弱點、道德責任,還有選擇權。這些情況,包括企業家之間的市場競爭和貿易等級制度、同事之間的不信任和相互依賴、朋友和陌生人之間物質和情感互惠的爭議、商人跟街頭官僚之間小型賄賂的倫理。我描述中國移民者和普通坦桑尼亞人如何在南南合作中動員「民族」、「文化」、「種族」、「 政治道德」和 「(非)帝國」類似的概念,並提供一種白話評論。如此,我目標在透過全球不平等的人際倫理民族誌視角,重新思考世界秩序的人類學。 

我下一個研究項目的對象是「海上絲綢之路」及類似印度洋世界化(worlding)的背景下的亞非文化交流。雖然中國政府最近試圖在非洲以「武術」進行 “文化外交”,但是東非的東亞武術實踐早就出現了。坦桑尼亞的「功夫」有很多種不同的來源,包括:香港電影、後殖民國家之間的軍事交流、巡迴移民和伊斯蘭的精神知識。除了中國武術之外,日本空手道和韓國跆拳道在坦桑尼亞都早已經進入了坦桑尼亞人的生活、體育及健康習慣。這個現象表明非洲與亞洲之間長期存在的歷史聯繫以及非洲功夫人士在此現象作為推手的重要貢獻,使得「東亞」在非洲作為一種文化標誌的來源複雜化。我的研究安排有三個目標:1)追踪在東非東亞的武術歷史 2)調查身體文化(body cultures)的翻譯,3)更好理解坦桑尼亞文化生產者如何將武術元素加入電影製作。其研究項目將有助於了解「亞非遺產」文化生產的各種元素及其來源。

學歷

  • 美國布朗大學人類學博士(2017)
  • 美國芝加哥大學社會科學碩士 (2010)
  • 美國芝加哥大學社會科學學士 (2007)

現職

  • 中央研究院民族學研究所助研究員 (2018.10.1--)

經歷(點擊展開)

  • 美國賓夕法尼亞大學Wolf Humanities Center博士後 (2018.8.1--2018.9.19)
  • 美國布蘭迪斯大學人類學講師 (2017.8.16-2018.5.31)

學術榮譽與得獎紀錄(點擊展開)

  • 2014National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant
  • 2014Wenner-Gren Dissertation Fieldwork Grant
  • 2013Social Science Research Council Dissertation Proposal Development Fellowship

研究專長

  • 跨國主義與移民、帝國、倫理、語言符號學、政治人類學、經濟人類學

研究區域

  • 中非關係,(全球)中國,坦桑尼亞,東非, 印度海, 臺灣

研究計畫獎助(點擊展開)

  • Association for Asian Studies China and Inner Asia Council (AAS-CIAC) Small Grant (2018)
  • Watson Institute for International Studies Interdisciplinary Opportunity and Fellowship (2016-17)
  • National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant (2014)
  • Wenner-Gren Dissertation Fieldwork Grant (2014-15)
  • Watson Institute Graduate Fieldwork Travel Grant (2014)
  • Social Science Research Council Dissertation Proposal Development Fellowship (SSRC-DPDF) (2013)
  • National Science Foundation IGERT Fellowship for the Brown University Graduate Program in Development (GPD) (2013-14)

著作目錄

期刊論文 (點擊展開)

2018
Derek Sheridan, 2018, “"If You Greet Them on the Street, They Ignore You": Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in Tanzania.”, ANTHROPOLOGICAL QUARTERLY, 91(1), 237-265.
2016
Derek Sheridan, 2016, ““Uncle Sam Said Very Clearly You Are Not a Country”: Independence Activists and the Mapping of Imperial Cosmologies in Taiwan”, Verge: Studies in Global Asias, 2(2), 115-137.
2018
Derek Sheridan, 2018, “"If You Greet Them on the Street, They Ignore You": Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in Tanzania.”, ANTHROPOLOGICAL QUARTERLY, 91(1), 237-265. (SSCI) (IF: 1.603; SSCI ranking: 29.3%)
2019-04-26
Derek Sheridan, 2019, “Weak Passports and Bad Behavior: Chinese Migrants and the Moral Politics of Petty Corruption in Tanzania”, AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST, 46(2), 137-149. (H-Index 68)

專書(論文集)之一章 (點擊展開)

Derek Sheridan, accepted, “Pre-Histories of China-Tanzania: Intermediaries, Sub-Empires, and the Use and Abuse of Analogy”, editor(s): Lisa Rofel and Carlos Rojas, China in the Global South.
2018
Derek Sheridan, 2018, “Chinese Peanuts and Chinese Machinga: The Use and Abuse of a Rumor in Dar es Salaam (and Ethnographic Writing)”, editor(s): Chris Alden and Dan Large, New Directions in the Study of Africa and China, pp. 348, Oxford, UK: Routledge.
2016
Derek Sheridan, Chih-Ming Liang,2016,〈對台灣研究 “So What” 問題的深思:從北美學術市場結構反省 NATSA 發展策略〉,潘美玲編,《跨界跨代的臺灣研究-北美 灣研究學會(NATSA)二十年》,頁185-208,高雄,台灣:巨流圖書公司。 (Considering the “So What” Question in Taiwan Studies: Reflecting on NATSA’s Development Strategy from the Perspective of the North American Academic Market)

學術書評 (點擊展開)

2016-06
Derek Sheridan, 2016, “China’s Second Continent: How a Million Migrants are Building a New Empire in Africa [Book Review]”, African Review of Economics and Finance, 8(1), 156-159.
Derek Sheridan, Unpublished, “The Image of the Black in African and Asian Art [Book Review]”, Notes and Records: An International Journal of African and African Diaspora Studies, Forthcoming, 0.
2019-11
Derek Sheridan, 2019, “China in the World: An Anthropology of Confucius Institutes, Soft Power, and Globalization”, H-Net Reviews in the Humanities and the Social Sciences, November 2019.
2017
Derek Sheridan, 2017, “The Image of the Black in African and Asian Art [Book Review]”, Notes and Records: An International Journal of African and African Diaspora Studies, (3).

學位論文 (點擊展開)

2017
Derek Sheridan, 2017, “Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania”.

學術會議(研討會)論文 (點擊展開)

Sep 6-8, 2018.
Rethinking Traditionalism: Myron Cohen and the Place of Ethnography in the Study of Taiwan’s History. 3rd World Congress of Taiwan Studies. Academia Sinica (Taiwan).
Jun 23-24, 2018
“If You Greet Them, They Ignore You: Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in Tanzania. Global Encounters: Transnational Mobility within and Beyond China. Minzu University of China. Beijing.
Jun 9, 2018.
“If you Greet Them, they Ignore You”: Chinese Migrants, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in Tanzania. Articulating China-Africa Relations. Sun Yat-Sen University (Guangzhou).
May 17-18, 2018
Everyday Orientalism? Speech, Sincerity and the Politics of Everyday Knowledge Production in Sino-Tanzanian Encounters. Orientalism, Neo-Orientalism, and Post-Orientalism in African, Middle East, Latin American, Asian/Chinese Studies. Shanghai University.
Apr 3, 2018.
Weak Passports and Low-Quality People: Chinese Expatriates and the Moral Politics of Petty Corruption in Tanzania Department of Ethnography. National Chengchi University
Mar 22-Mar 25, 2018
Weak Passports and Problematic People: Chinese Expatriates and the Moral Politics of Petty Corruption in Tanzania. 2018 Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies. Washington, D.C.
Jan 8-Jan 12, 2018.
Race/Zhongzu The Chinese English Keywords Project.Hong Kong.
Nov 29-Dec 3, 2017.
Weak Passports and Problematic People: Chinese Expatriates and the Moral Politics of Petty Corruption in Tanzania. 117th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Washington, D.C.
Feb 10, 2017.
Weak Passports and 'Low-Quality' People: Chinese and Tanzanian Encounters with a Hungry State Brown University Department of Anthropology Friday Speaker Series.
Feb 8, 2017.
Commodities, Intermediaries, and the “Imperialism” of Chinese Trade in Tanzania Watson Institute Development and Governance Seminar.
Dec 1-3, 2016.
“We Are Very Friendly, But They Never Greet Us!”: Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in a Tanzanian Marketplace. 59th Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association. Washington, DC
Nov 16-20, 2016.
“We Are Very Friendly, But They Never Greet Us!”: Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in a Tanzanian Marketplace. 115th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Minneapolis, MN.
Aug 18-20, 2016.
“We Are Very Friendly, But They Never Greet Us!”: Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in a Tanzanian Marketplace. 4th Chinese in Africa/Africans in China Conference.Nairobi, Kenya.
June 10-11, 2016.
Taiwan and the Making of America's Cold War Sinology. 22nd Annual North American Taiwan Studies Association (NATSA) Conference. University of Toronto.
May 5-6, 2016.
Ethnography as Agency: Speech, Sincerity, and the Politics of Everyday Knowledge Production in Sino-Tanzanian Encounters. 3rd Annual University of Pennsylvania Semiotic Anthropology Conference.
Apr 7-9, 2016.
“Uncle Sam Said Very Clearly You Are Not a Country”: Deceptions and Revelations of the Imperial Imagination in Taiwan. Inaugural Nexus Taiwan Conference. Brown University.
Mar 29-Apr 1, 2016.
Chinese-ness before the Chinese: Historical Traces and Contemporary Cultural Projects in a Tanzanian Martial Arts and Film Club. 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Comparative Literature Association. Harvard University.
Mar 21, 2016.
“Chinese-ness” before the Chinese: Historical Traces and Contemporary Cultural Projects in a Tanzanian Martial Arts and Film Club. Brown University.
Feb 26-26, 2016.
Telling the “Real” Story: Sincerity, Speech, and Suzhi in the Discourse of Sino-Tanzanian Friendship. Columbia Conference on East Asia.
Feb 20-21, 2016.
Weak Passports and “Low-Quality” People: Everyday Extortion, Global Hierarchies, and How to be Chinese in Tanzania. 19th Annual Harvard East Asia Society Conference.
Jan 14-16, 2016.
Telling the “Real” Story: Sincerity, Speech, and Suzhi in the Discourse of Sino-Tanzanian Friendship. Building Images: Exploring 21st Century Sino-African Dynamics Though Cultural Exchange, Media Representation, and Translation. University of Nottingham.
Dec 12-14, 2014.
When Martial Arts Diplomacy Meets the Kung Fu Histories of the Swahili Coast. 5th Chinese in Africa/Africans in China Conference.Solvay Brussels School for Economics and Management (Belgium).
Dec 12-14, 2014.
The “China-Africa” Concept and the Ethnography of Everyday Knowledge Production. 3rd Chinese in Africa/Africans in China Conference.Jinan University (China).
June 20-21, 2014.
“When Taiwan is Independent, We Can Watch Baseball”: Affective Reason and Reasonable Affect among Nationalist Political Activists. 20th Annual North American Taiwan Studies Association (NATSA) Conference. University of Wisconsin-Madison.
May 6, 2014.
China-in-Africa in Proximity: Chinese Migrants and the Production of Trust and Value in Dar es Salaam. Brown University.
Apr 4, 2014.
“Uncle Sam Said Very Clearly You Are Not a Country”: Deceptions and Revelations of the Imperial Imagination in Taiwan. 9th Annual Brown University Interdisciplinary Graduate Student Conference.
Feb 21-23, 2014.
“Uncle Sam Said Very Clearly You Are Not a Country”: Deceptions and Revelations of the Imperial Imagination in Taiwan. 17th Annual Harvard East Asia Society Conference.
Nov 20-24, 2013.
“When Taiwan is Independent, We Can Watch Baseball”: Affective Reason and Reasonable Affect among Nationalist Political Activists. 113th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Chicago, IL.
June 21-22, 2013.
“Uncle Sam Said Very Clearly You Are Not a Country”: Deceptions and Revelations of the Imperial Imagination in Taiwan. 19th Annual North American Taiwan Studies Association (NATSA) Conference. University of California-Santa Barbara.
Sep 24-25, 2010.
Tensions of Pax Americana: Imperial Specters and American Presence in Cold War Taiwan. States of Belonging Conference. University of Colorado-Boulder.
June 18-20, 2010.
Tensions of Pax Americana: Imperial Specters and American Presence in Cold War Taiwan. 16th Annual North American Taiwan Studies Association (NATSA) Conference.University of California-Berkeley.
2019-11
Derek Sheridan,2019,〈Becoming Swahili? Chinese among Others in Coastal Tanzania〉,發表於the 10th International Conference of International Society for the Study of Chinese Overseas,Guangzhou, China:International Society for the Study of Chinese Overseas,2019-11-09 ~ 2019-11-10。
2019-11
Mohamed Yunus Rafiq, Derek Sheridan, 2019, ““If even the Chinese grow wings and fly”: Mapping Martial Arts Genealogies on the Swahili Coast”, paper presented at African Study Association 62th Annual Meeting, Boston, USA: African Study Association, 2019-11-21 ~ 2019-11-23.
2019-11
Derek Sheridan, 2019, ““You have to trust them”: Countervailing Relational Tendencies among Chinese Migrants in Tanzania”, paper presented at South-South Encounters: The Politics of interactions among Africans and Chinese on the Ground, Vancouver, Canada: Simon Fraser University, 2019-11-19.
2019-08
Derek Sheridan, 2019, “The Semiotics of ‘Heiren’ (黑人): Race, Everyday Language, and Discursive Complicities in a Chinese Migrant Community”, paper presented at Society of East Asian Anthropology Regional Conference 2019, Tokyo, Japan: Society of East Asian Anthropology, 2019-08-02 ~ 2019-08-03.
2019-08
Derek Sheridan, 2019, “Wachina, Wahindi, and the Vanishing Figure of “Asian” Intermediaries in South-South Imaginaries”, paper presented at The 2019 Annual Conference of the Center for Global Asia, Shanghai, China: Center for Global Asia, NYU Shanghai, 2019-08-26 ~ 2019-08-28.
2019-07
Derek Sheridan, 2019, “"An Immense Accumulation of Commodities”: The Global Labor of Distribution and the Politics of Trade Hierarchies between China and Tanzania”, paper presented at Chinese Global Engagement Aboard: Changing Social, Economic and Political Configurations, Hong Kong, China: French Centre for Research on Contemporary China, 2019-07-05 ~ 2019-07-06.
2018-09
Derek Sheridan, 2018, “Rethinking Traditionalism: Myron Cohen and the Place of Ethnography in the Study of Taiwan’s History”, paper presented at 3rd World Congress of Taiwan Studies, Academia Sinica: Academia Sinica, 2018-09-06 ~ 2018-09-08.
2018-06
Derek Sheridan, 2018, ““If You Greet Them, They Ignore You: Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in Tanzania”, paper presented at Global Encounters: Transnational Mobility within and Beyond China, Beijing, China: Minzu University of China, 2018-06-23 ~ 2018-06-24.
2018-06
Derek Sheridan, 2018, ““If you Greet Them, they Ignore You”: Chinese Migrants, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in Tanzania”, paper presented at Articulating China-Africa Relations, Guangzhou, China: Sun Yat-Sen University, 2018-06-09.
2018-05
Derek Sheridan, 2018, “Everyday Orientalism? Speech, Sincerity and the Politics of Everyday Knowledge Production in Sino-Tanzanian Encounters”, paper presented at CFP, Orientalism, Neo-Orientalism, and Post-Orientalism in African, Middle East, Latin American, Asian/Chinese Studies, Shanghai, China: Center for Global Studies, Shanghai University, 2018-05-17 ~ 2018-05-18.
2018-04
Derek Sheridan, 2018, “Weak Passports and Low-Quality People: Chinese Expatriates and the Moral Politics of Petty Corruption in Tanzania”, paper presented at Lecture for National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan: Department of Ethnography, National Chengchi University, 2018-04-03.
2018-03
Derek Sheridan, 2018, “Weak Passports and Problematic People: Chinese Expatriates and the Moral Politics of Petty Corruption in Tanzania”, paper presented at 2018 Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies, Washington, D.C., USA: Association for Asian Studies, 2018-03-22 ~ 2018-08-25.
2018-01
Derek Sheridan, 2018, “Race/Zhongzu”, paper presented at The Chinese English Keywords Project, Hong Kong, China: Chinese-English Keywords Project, 2018-01-08 ~ 2018-01-12.
2017-11
Derek Sheridan, 2017, “Weak Passports and Problematic People: Chinese Expatriates and the Moral Politics of Petty Corruption in Tanzania”, paper presented at 117th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Washington, D.C., USA: American Anthropological Association, 2017-11-29 ~ 2017-12-03.
2017-02
Derek Sheridan, 2017, “Commodities, Intermediaries, and the “Imperialism” of Chinese Trade in Tanzania”, paper presented at Watson Institute Development and Governance Seminar, Providence, RI, USA: Watson Institute, Brown University, 2017-02-08.
2017-02
Derek Sheridan, 2017, “Weak Passports and 'Low-Quality' People: Chinese and Tanzanian Encounters with a Hungry State”, paper presented at Friday Speaker Series, Providence, RI, USA: Department of Anthropology, Brown University, 2017-02-10.
2016-12
Derek Sheridan, 2016, ““We Are Very Friendly, But They Never Greet Us!”: Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in a Tanzanian Marketplace”, paper presented at 59th Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association, Washington, D.C., USA: African Studies Association, 2016-12-01 ~ 2016-12-03.
2016-11
Derek Sheridan, 2016, ““We Are Very Friendly, But They Never Greet Us!”: Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in a Tanzanian Marketplace”, paper presented at 115th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Minneapolis, USA: American Anthropological Association, 2016-11-16 ~ 2016-11-20.
2016-08
Derek Sheridan, 2016, ““We Are Very Friendly, But They Never Greet Us!”: Chinese Migrant Entrepreneurs, (Refused) Greetings, and the Interpersonal Ethics of Global Inequality in a Tanzanian Marketplace.”, paper presented at 4th Chinese in Africa/Africans in China Conference, Nairobi, Kenya: Chinese in Africa Africans in China Research Network, 2016-08-18 ~ 2016-08-20.
2016-06
Derek Sheridan, 2016, “Taiwan and the Making of America's Cold War Sinology”, paper presented at 22nd Annual North American Taiwan Studies Association (NATSA) Conference, Toronto, Canada: North American Taiwan Studies Association, 2016-06-10 ~ 2016-06-11.
2016-05
Derek Sheridan, 2016, “Ethnography as Agency: Speech, Sincerity, and the Politics of Everyday Knowledge Production in Sino-Tanzanian Encounters”, paper presented at 3rd Annual University of Pennsylvania Semiotic Anthropology Conference, Philadelphia, USA: University of Pennsylvania, 2016-05-05 ~ 2016-05-06.
2016-04
Derek Sheridan, 2016, ““Uncle Sam Said Very Clearly You Are Not a Country”: Deceptions and Revelations of the Imperial Imagination in Taiwan”, paper presented at Inaugural Nexus Taiwan Conference, Rhode Island, USA: the Ministry of Education, Republic of China (Taiwan) and Brown University, 2016-04-07 ~ 2016-04-09.
2016-02
Derek Sheridan,2016,〈Telling the “Real” Story: Sincerity, Speech, and Suzhi in the Discourse of Sino-Tanzanian Friendship〉,發表於Columbia Conference on East Asia,New York, USA:Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Columbia University,2016-02-26 ~ 2016-02-27。
2016-02
Derek Sheridan,2016,〈Weak Passports and “Low-Quality” People: Everyday Extortion, Global Hierarchies, and How to be Chinese in Tanzania〉,發表於19th Annual Harvard East Asia Society Conference,Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA:Harvard University,2016-02-20 ~ 2016-02-21。
2016-01
Derek Sheridan,2016,〈Telling the “Real” Story: Sincerity, Speech, and Suzhi in the Discourse of Sino-Tanzanian Friendship〉,發表於Building Images: Exploring 21st Century Sino-African Dynamics Though Cultural Exchange, Media Representation, and Translation,Nottingham, UK:University of Nottingham & Arts and Humanities Research Council,2016-01-14 ~ 2016-01-16。
2014-12
Derek Sheridan, 2014, “When Martial Arts Diplomacy Meets the Kung Fu Histories of the Swahili Coast”, paper presented at 5th Chinese in Africa/Africans in China Conference, Bruxelles, Belgium: the Department of Cultural Studies at Lingnan University, Hong Kong, 2014-12-12 ~ 2014-12-14.
2019-12
Derek Sheridan, 2019, ““An Immense Accumulation of Commodities”: The Global Labor of Distribution and the Politics of Trade Hierarchies between China and Tanzania”, paper presented at Global China in Comparative Perspective, Taipei, Taiwan: Global Asia Research Center, National Taiwan University and Department of Sociology, Academia Sinica, 2019-12-18 ~ 2019-12-20.
2019-08
Derek Sheridan, 2019, “種族”, paper presented at The Social Lives of Keywords, Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica: Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica, 2019-08-02 ~ 2019-08-03.
2019-05
Derek Sheridan, 2019, “Empire or Empires? Taiwan Studies and the Dilemma of Critical Discourse”, paper presented at NATSA 2019 Opening Forum: Engaging Empires through Border Crossing: Taiwan Studies and Beyond, Destabilizing Empires from the Margin: Taiwan Studies in Reflection, Seattle, WA, USA: NATSA, 2019-05-17 ~ 2019-05-18.
2018-11
Derek Sheridan, 2018, “Zhongzu”, paper presented at 118th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, San Jose, CA, USA: American Anthropological Association, 2018-11-14 ~ 2018-11-18.

其他 (點擊展開)

2016
謝力登,梁志鳴,2016,〈對台灣研究 “So What” 問題的深思:從北美學術市場結構反省 NATSA 發展策略〉,《跨界跨代的臺灣研究-北美 灣研究學會(NATSA)二十年》。 (Derek Sheridan, Liang Chih-ming, 2016, “Considering the “So What” Question in Taiwan Studies: Reflecting on NATSA’s Development Strategy from the Perspective of the North American Academic Market”, Crossing Disciplines and Generations: 20 Years of NATSA)
2019-10-01
Derek Sheridan, 2019, “History/Memory”, 2019臺灣國際民族誌影展特刊.

研究旨趣(點擊展開)

我的研究廣泛地關注在個體經驗、關係性 (relationality)和全球/地緣政治想象的關聯。我計畫中的第一本書,研究對象將會是中國跟非洲之間近年來互動之下建立的經濟關係和人口移動。我曾在很早期便跟中國有密切關係的坦桑尼亞作了總共十七個月的田野調查,針對中國人為了生意/打工而移民到坦桑尼亞的現象。在當代新興「南南合作」的政治經濟形構下,我對中國移民者的生涯規劃(life projects)和普通坦桑尼亞人的生涯規劃如何相互依存提出疑問,還有他們如何使用日常社會交流的倫理判斷來分析中非關係。我的田野調查持續關注在從中國到坦桑尼亞製成品的分配/銷售渠道)。在達累斯薩拉姆(Dar es Salaam),中國批發商的進入,跟坦桑尼亞當地批發商/零售商產生不同的競爭和合作關係。商人的地位隨著中國產品的進入而上升或衰退。我將這現象的脈絡置於更久遠的亞非連接歷史之中,並分析不同情境下充滿互補性跟矛盾性的人際關係。對比中國人(在坦桑尼亞的「客人」或「投資者」)和坦桑尼亞「主人」或 「本地人」之間的權力、弱點、道德責任,還有選擇權。這些情況,包括企業家之間的市場競爭和貿易等級制度、同事之間的不信任和相互依賴、朋友和陌生人之間物質和情感互惠的爭議、商人跟街頭官僚之間小型賄賂的倫理。我描述中國移民者和普通坦桑尼亞人如何在南南合作中動員「民族」、「文化」、「種族」、「 政治道德」和 「(非)帝國」類似的概念,並提供一種白話評論。如此,我目標在透過全球不平等的人際倫理民族誌視角,重新思考世界秩序的人類學。

 

我下一個研究項目的對象是「海上絲綢之路」及類似印度洋世界化(worlding)的背景下的亞非文化交流。雖然中國政府最近試圖在非洲以「武術」進行 “文化外交”,但是東非的東亞武術實踐早就出現了。坦桑尼亞的「功夫」有很多種不同的來源,包括:香港電影、後殖民國家之間的軍事交流、巡迴移民和伊斯蘭的精神知識。除了中國武術之外,日本空手道和韓國跆拳道在坦桑尼亞都早已經進入了坦桑尼亞人的生活、體育及健康習慣。這個現象表明非洲與亞洲之間長期存在的歷史聯繫以及非洲功夫人士在此現象作為推手的重要貢獻,使得「東亞」在非洲作為一種文化標誌的來源複雜化。我的研究安排有三個目標:1)追踪在東非東亞的武術歷史 2)調查身體文化(body cultures)的翻譯,3)更好理解坦桑尼亞文化生產者如何將武術元素加入電影製作。其研究項目將有助於了解「亞非遺產」文化生產的各種元素及其來源。

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