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Full-time Research Fellows - Yu, Shuenn-Der

Yu, Shuenn-DerPicture

Yu, Shuenn-Der

Job Title:Research Fellow and Deputy Director
Office:R2713
Employment:1992.09~
Tel:26523475
Overview

My research has two dimensions, the study of Taiwan’s political economy and the theoretical exploration of the concept of shentigan (身體感, perceptual categories). The former began with my dissertation research on Taiwan’s night markets, which examined the development of the political economy, characteristics of Taiwan’s economic organizations, and night marketing systems. Working from the theoretical perspective of an informal sector, that research asked why night markets have flourished across Taiwan, to become representative of Taiwan’s native culture and ascend to one of the key tourist attractions in urban centers. Recently I returned to my night market research to examine changes in that sector over these twenty years. 

My involvement in developing the concept of shentigan began from personal experience. After finishing the first draft of my dissertation and waiting for my professors’ comments, I had a chance to take part in a meditation retreat. This seven-day retreat brought me a deep realization of how bodily cultivation and the transformation of consciousness were related to religion. Since the Thematic Research Program’s “Qi, Culture, and Traditional Medicine: Collaboration among Disciplines,” organized by academician Li Yih-Yuan in IOE, was looking for a PI for one of its subprojects at that time, I was invited to join. This project opened the door to my twenty-year engagement with the notion of shentigan. Qi is a key concept and sensation in traditional Chinese medicine and the everyday lives of Taiwanese and Chinese people. From the perspective of cognition, qi is a category of bodily experience—as is “up” and “down,” “high” and “low,” “cute” and “ugly,” or “sacred” and “profane.” They are the focuses or ways of how we sense the world, or to put it differently, they are how we categorize sensory information to make sense of our inner and outer worlds. I have adopted Shigehisa Kuriyama’s term, shentigan, to name the categories and have integrated findings in neuroscience and cognitive science, along with ideas of sensory anthropology, to develop the theory of shentigan. 

Shentigan” is not a common Chinese or Taiwanese term. My choice of a term that has no ready English translation symbolizes a new intent: I hope to develop shentigan into a theoretical approach having paradigmatic meaning by which one can explore new topics and discover new perspectives for socio-cultural or historical research. I do not follow the ideas of sensory anthropology, but instead have been working to formulate a new theory, because my in-depth literature reviews in neuroscience, cognition, and the physiology of senses all point to the following conclusions: (1) it is problematic to take individual senses as units of study; (2) sensory information begins to interact and integrate before it informs perception, i.e., perception does not come from processing information of individual senses, but from information already integrated among them; (3) categorization plays a key role in the process of perception; (4) rather than merely passively processing sensory information received, perception is active; perception is action. Perception results from our actively engaging the world around us and from our categorizing sensory information acquired from those explorations. Shentigan categories hence serve as an interface that allows us to understand how both searching and categorizing are done and how both acquire cultural characteristics that shape the ways we sense the world. 

To develop this shentigan theory, I have engaged with a few research topics and types of fieldwork: “Qi and Meditation,” “The Sense of Comfort and Consumption of Antique Furniture in Modern Taiwan,” “The Taste of Aged Puer Tea and Its Globalization,” “Qingxiang (清香, fresh and fragrant) Taste and Taiwan’s High-Mountain Tea,” and “Everyday Modernity among Yunnan Tibetans.” I hope these projects will demonstrate the theoretical potential of the shentigan approach.

Education

  • 美國加州大學戴維斯分校人類學博士

Current Position

  • 中央研究院民族學研究所研究員(2012.3.12-- )

Career(ClickOpen)

  • 中央研究院民族學研究所副研究員(2003.6.27-2012.3.11 )
  • 中央研究院民族學研究所助研究員(1996.7-2003.6.26 )
  • 中央研究院民族學研究所研究助理(1992.9- 1996.7)
  • 中央研究院民族學研究所約聘(青輔會)助理研究員(1990.12-1991.11)

Research Interests

  • Economic Anthropology; Historical Anthropology; Anthropology of Sense

Field of Research

  • Taiwan; Han Yunnan; China Tibetan

Publications

Journal Articles (ClickOpen)

2011c
藏民的家屋與家屋內的社會動態:以雲南五境通珠聚落為例(余舜德、郭奇正)。民族所資料彙編22:1-18。
2011b
導論:日常生活的身體感。《考古人類學刊》74:1-10。
2011a
身體感與雲南藏族家居生活的日常現代性。 《考古人類學刊》74:169-202
2010b
Materiality, stimulants and the Puer tea fad. Journal of Chinese Dietary Culture 6(1): 107-142.
2010a
Introduction: In Memory of G. William Skinner: His Contributions to Anthropology. (special issue) Taiwan Journal of Anthropology 8(1): 3-14.
2009b
身體修練與文化學習:以學茶為例. (special issue) Taiwan Journal of Anthropology 7(2): 49-86.
2009a
Introduction: Bodily cultivation as a mode of learning. (special issue) Taiwan Journal of Anthropology 7(2): 3-12.
2006c
體物入微(余舜德、顏學誠)。國立臺灣大學考古人類學刊 65:1-8。
2006b
市場、價值建構與普洱茶交易中的陳韻。臺灣大學考古人類學刊 65:68-108。[原發表於「物與身體感」工作坊,烏來那山谷旅社,2005年9月5-7日。]
2006a
物與身體感的歷史:一個研究取向的探索。思與言 44(1):5-49。[修改自〈身體經驗、物質文化與日常生活:一個歷史研究取向之探索 〉,發表於「中國近代史的再思考:中央研究院近代史研究所創所五十週年國際學術研討會」,中央研究院,2005年6月29日至7月1日。]
2005
消費、感官經驗、與歷史意識:中國傳統民居家具在台灣。國立台灣大學考古人類學刊64:1-29。[修改自“Jiangnan domestic furniture in Taiwan: Sense, memory, and the construction of the past.” Paper presented at Annual meeting of Association of Asian Studies, 2004, March 4th to 7th.]
2004
臺灣夜市市場系統的發展:以臺北都會區及臺南縣為例(余舜德、周耿生)。中央研究院民族學研究所資料彙編 18:1-42。
2003c
從文化感知的方式談氣的文化研究。《思與言》41(4):145-186。[修改自〈從醫療人類學的啟示來思考人類學氣的研究〉,發表於「文化、氣與傳統醫學」研討會,中央研究院民族所舉辦,2000年10月13-15日,於桃園縣龍潭鄉台灣植物藥園。]
2003b
打坐、日常生活與宗教實踐:從慈溪的個案討論一個民族誌研究的取向。《台灣大學考古人類學刊》59:116-151。[修改自〈禪坐修練與日常生活實踐〉,發表於「中央研究院第三屆漢學會議」,中央研究院主辦,2000年6月29至7月1日,於中央研究院。]
2003a
文化感知身體的方式:人類學冷熱醫學研究的重新思考。《台灣人類學刊》1(1):105-146。 [修改自〈冷與熱的身體感〉。發表於「文化與醫療」研討會,中央研究院民族所與台史所合辦,2002年10月24至25日,於台北南港。]
2000
食物冷熱系統、體驗與人類學研究:慈溪道場個案研究的意義。《中央研究院民族所集刊》89(2):117-145。[修改自〈氣的內在經驗與人類學研究〉。發表於「探索台灣田野的新面向」研討會,中央研究院民族學研究所主辦,1998年5月5至8日,於宜蘭明池山莊。]
1998
身體修練與儀式展演:慈溪道場個案的研究。中央研究院民族學研究所集刊 84:1-35。
1997
對立與妥協:試論夜市與國家的關係。中央研究院民族學研究所集刊 82:115-174。

Books (chapters) (ClickOpen)

2010b
客座主編In Memory of G. William Skinner: His Contributions to Anthropology. (special issue) Taiwan Journal of Anthropology 2010, V. 8, No. 1
2010a
Emotions in and out of a meditation retreat. In Anthropological Fieldwork: A Relational Process. Dimitrina Spencer and James Davies eds., pp. 144-171, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars.
2008b
體物入微;物與身體感的研究》,余舜德編。清華大學出版社。
2008a
從田野經驗到身體感的研究。刊於《體物入微:物與身體感的研究》,余舜德編。清華大學出版社出版。
2006
夜市小吃的傳統與臺灣社會。刊於第九屆中華飲食文化學術研討會論文集,頁119-134。臺北:財團法人中華飲食文化基金會出版。
2004
Hot and Noisy: Taiwan's Night Market Culture. In The Minor Arts of Daily Life: Popular Culture in Taiwan. David Jordan, Andrew Morris and Marc L. Moskowitz, eds., Pp.129-149. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press in 2003. [修改自 All made in 9city. Paper presented at the AAS Annual Meeting. Chicago, March 22-25, 2001.]
2002
從人類學身體與經驗研究的觀點來談醫療史之研究。刊於《理性、學術和道德的知識傳統》,李弘祺編,285至339頁,台北市:喜馬拉雅文教基金會出版。
2001
中國氣的文化研究芻議:一個人類學的觀點。刊於社會、民族與文化展演國際研討會論文集,頁25-52。臺北市:漢學研究中心。
1999
夜市的研究與臺灣社會。刊於人類學在臺灣的發展:經驗研究篇論文集,徐正光與林美容主編,頁89-127。 臺北:中央研究院民族學研究所。
1995
空間、論述、與樂趣──夜市在 臺灣社會的定位。刊於空間、力與社會,黃應貴主編,頁391-462。 臺北:中央研究院民族學研究所。

Research Programs (ClickOpen)

2009
蔣經國基金會「感官經驗與中國傳統醫學」總計畫期末報告。
2008
中研院主題計畫「感同『身』受:日常生活與身體感的文化研究」總計畫期末報告。
2008
中研院主題計畫「感同『身』受:日常生活與身體感的文化研究」子計畫「舒適感:家、家具與家屋」期末報告。
2005
國科會專題研究計畫「雲南藏族文化基本身體感的研究」期末報告。
2003
國科會專題研究計畫「食物冷熱與文化感知的方式」期末報告。
2001a
國科會專題研究計畫「身體修練與宗教實踐」期末報告。
2000
中研院主題計畫「文化、氣、與傳統醫療科際綜合研究」子計畫「禪坐、斷食與食物冷熱系統」期末報告。

Dissertation (ClickOpen)

1995
Meaning, Disorder, and the Political Economy of Night Markets in Taiwan. Ph. D dissertation, University of California, Davis.

Conference Papers and Proceedings (ClickOpen)

2010c
日常生活的身體感。發表於臺灣人類學與民族學學會2010年會。10月3日,於台北中央研究院民族所。
2010b
“Embodying Modernity: Sense of Comfort and Cleanliness among Tibetans.” Presented in Annual meeting of the East Asian Anthropological Association. September 10.
2010a
“The Elegant Body in Taiwanese Tea Ceremony.” Presented in CORPUS International Symposium. “The Beautiful and Ugly Bodies”. Organized by CORPUS. At University of Lisbon. Jan 5-6.
2009
Materiality, Stimulants and the Puer Tea Fad. Paper presented in SEAA & TSAE Taipei 2009 International Conference. Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica. July 2-5.
2007
體驗現代生活家居。發表於「日常生活的身體感」工作坊。中央研究院民族所主辦,陽明山菁山農場,2007年8月27-29日。
2006b
Emotions in and out of meditation retreat. Paper presented at Emotions in the Field: Surviving and Writing up Fieldwork, Lincoln College, Oxford University. September 14-15.
2006a
Meditation, Experience of the Body and Religious Ideals: A Case Study of a Chan Buddhist Group in Taiwan. Paper presented at the Third International Conference Daoism and Contemporary World – Daoist Cultivation in Theory and Practice, in Abbey Frauenwoerth in Chiemsee, Bavaria, Germany, May 25-28.
2005b
身體經驗、物質文化與日常生活:一個歷史研究取向之探索。發表於「中國近代史的再思考:中央研究院近代史研究所創所五十週年」國際學術研討會,中央研究院近代史研究所主辦,臺北南港,6月29日-7月1日。
2005a
Why is Antique Furniture Cut Short? Bodily Comfort and Living Room Design. Paper presented at 2005 International Symposium on Body & Cognition: A Multidisplinary Perspective, Organized by The Center for Humanities Research, National Science Council, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, June 4-5.
2004
Jiangnan Domestic Furniture in Taiwan: Sense, Memory, and the Construction of the Past. Paper presented at Annual meeting of Association of Asian Studies, March 4- 7.
2002
冷與熱的身體感。發表於「醫療與文化」研討會,中央研究院民族學研究所主辦, 臺北南港,10月24-25日。

Others (ClickOpen)

2011
書評論壇The Meaning of the Body: Aesthetics of Human Understanding。前言;Embodied cognition的觀點對認知人類學的啟發。臺灣人類學刊9(1):196;205-208.
2001b
夜市消費文化所呈現的文化意涵。刊載於《經濟與社會:兩岸三地社會文化的分析》,朱燕華與張維安編,233至248頁,亞太系列研究13,台北:生智。

Research Interests(ClickOpen)

筆者從2003年起開始發展「身體感」的研究取向,身體感的分析概念由筆者先前於慈溪道場禪坐與斷食的實踐探討食物冷熱及認知的關係發展而來,筆者認為冷熱的身體經驗與文化概念之間有非常值得探究的關係,而此關係的深入將有助於我們重新思考過去過於重視心的層次之文化理論的課題。「身體感」這個理論分析概念的提出和近年頗受到強調之感官人類學的發展有密切的關係。筆者認為感官人類學多聚焦於單一的感官,且常以西方社會從文藝復興以來強調視覺的現象為主要的理論議題,而難以處理一些無法歸納於西方五官的分類(如中國文化的氣感及虛、實、補、洩的感覺)或綜合多重感官(如潔淨的感覺即可能結合視覺、觸覺與嗅覺)的身體經驗,且出現議題過分集中於單一課題,並少與人類學文化理論直接對話的問題。筆者認為從「身體感」(在此定義為:「身體作為經驗的主體以感知體內與體外世界的知覺項目」)出發,除了可以讓我們對身體經驗的文化現象做更全面的研究,更容許我們從感官的訊息如何與文化的隱喻 (metaphors) 結合,來探討身體經驗如何形成文化意涵的基礎,並呈現於人類學家過去常討論之神聖/世俗、正式/非正式、具價值高/不具價值、純潔/危險、陰/陽、奢侈/樸素、優雅/粗俗、熱鬧/冷清、冷/熱、清/濁、虛/補等認知的項目 (categories)。也就是說,在這些過去以「心」的範疇處理之文化認知概念,若被放在身體感知的面向重新審視,皆可發現其過去未曾受到注意之身體經驗的面向,及這些身體經驗的焦點所形成之體系性關係,因而身體感的研究可與人類學象徵、認知的研究接軌,且可以有密切的對話。另一方面,筆者也強調身體感的社會學研究方向,當某些身體感(如潔淨感、舒適感)在歷史的發展過程中開始成形(established),成為社會的標準,它們也開始擁有獨立的生命,影響物質科技(如洗衣機、清潔劑、及空調)的發展,更對我們的日常生活有深遠的影響,如此也容許我們從身體感的社會生命史論及政治經濟的現象。筆者目前主要致力於三個方面的研究:(1)發展「身體感」這個理論性概念與研究取向;(2)將身體感研究取向應用在台灣陳年普洱茶的消費風潮之研究;(3)雲南迪慶地區藏族的田野,探討藏族家屋與家具的舒適感。
身體感研究概念的提出並引起民族所「醫療與身體經驗」研究群成員的興趣,於2004年一同撰寫兩個整合型計畫,分別以「感同『身』受:日常生活與身體感的文化研究」及「感官經驗與中國傳統醫學」申請中研院主題計畫與蔣經國基金會,並獲得通過。計畫已經於2007年執行結束,第一份研究成果《體物入微》論文集已經通過審查,清華大學出版社將於2008年出版。
 
【未來研究方向】 
        筆者於未來幾年仍將致力於身體感的研究。一方面將過去三年計畫執行期間累積的資料寫成論文出版,另一方面筆者仍將延續雲南藏族及普洱茶消費現象的研究,於後者,筆者計畫將觸角從研究台灣90年代中期興起的普洱消費風潮延伸到受台灣影響之香港、韓國與雲南,從身體感(在此為陳年的風味)的方向探討全球化的議題並進一步追溯普洱茶及普洱之「陳韻」的社會生命史,以說明身體感之研究的意義。

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